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Environment and geographical phenomena by ICE PDF

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Environment and geographical phenomena by ICE PDF 

India is faced with the challenge of sustaining its rapid economic growth while dealing with the global threat of climate change. This threat emanated from accumulated green house gas emissions in the atmosphere, anthropogenically generated through long-term
and intensive industrial growth.

India has an economy closely linked with the natural resource base and climate sensitive sectors such as agriculture, water and forestry. India may face a major threat because of projected changes in climate.

Gujarat is geo-climate sensitive state of the country due to its climatic extremes, geomorphic setup and maritime influences. But the Kachchh district of the state is unique in this respect, due to its oppressive weather, low rainfall, aridity,hostile terrain and seismic instability.

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The single district covers almost 25% area and 20% of the states coastline but supports just 3% of its population. Though, the region has been richly endowed with natural resources, the associated risks make them hard to access. Such an unusual resource-risk mix has long remained a challenge for development and living conditions continued to be harsh.

Focus of the recent industrial development is based on its mineral deposits, marine resources and sea transport. Post 2001 Bhuj-Quake tax holiday boosted industrial development and population growth.

In the MPSEZ (Mundra Special Economic Zone) population registered a phenomenal growth of seven times from 15,000 in 1990, now
reaching 105,000. During the VGGIS-2007 (Vibrant Gujarat Global Investors’ Summit), the MoUs signed to the order of Rs.100 Billion (USD 22B) speak of accelerating pace of ndustrial activities.
It is interesting to observe that contrary to the ground scenario, the harsh living conditions of the region have a significantly positive outcome on its human resource, imparting some exceptional capabilities and making the people more sturdy, resilient and adventurous to cope with any adversity.

This has been proved by the Kachchhi Diasporas spread the
world over, who have so long helped sustaining the population through the ‘money order’ economy. This resource at local level, by providing suitable opportunity and training can help meeting the new challenge. The recent blow of 2001 Bhuj Quake, exposed the indent
risks in the environment as well as the wealth of nature in terms of mineral, marine,energy and land resources. Its full potential is yet to be explored but just the initial working is transforming the unfriendly ground scenario to a welcoming one, bringing a new luster to life.

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