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National parks - Rashtriya udhyan in India PDF Download 2021


 National parks - Rashtriya udhyan in India PDF Download 2021

National parks in India are IUCN category II protected areas. India's first national park was established in 1936 as Hailey National Park, now known as Jim Corbett National Park, Uttarakhand. By 1970, India only had five national parks. In 1972, India enacted the Wildlife Protection Act and Project Tiger to safeguard the habitats of conservation reliant species.

Further federal legislation strengthening protection for wildlife was introduced in the 1980s. As of May 2020, there were 105 national parks encompassing an area of 40,501.13 km2 (15,637.57 sq mi), under protected areas of India category II comprising 1.23% of India's total surface area.


According to the Indian Ministry of Environment & Forests, a national park is "[a]n area, whether within a sanctuary or not, [that] can be notified by the state government to be constituted as a National Park, by reason of its ecological, faunal, floral, geomorphological, or zoological association or importance, needed to for the purpose of protecting & propagating or developing wildlife there in or its environment. No human activity is permitted inside the national park except for the ones permitted by the Chief Wildlife Warden of the state under the conditions given in CHAPTER IV, WPA 1972".

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List of national parks in India:

Name State Year formed Area (in km2) Notability Rivers and lakes inside the national park
Anamudi Shola National Park[1] Kerala 2003 7.5 Pambar River
Anshi National Park Karnataka 1987 417.34 Great hornbill, tiger, leopard, black panther, bear, elephant, Kali River (Karnataka)
Balphakram National Park Meghalaya 1986 220 Wild water buffalo, red panda, elephant and eight cat species, including the tiger and marbled cat
Bandhavgarh National Park Madhya Pradesh 1982 446 1336 species of endemic plants
Bandipur National Park Karnataka 1974 874.20 Chital, Bengal tiger, gray langurs, Indian giant squirrel, gaur, leopard, sambar deer, Indian elephants, honey buzzard, red-headed vulture Kabini River, Moyar River
Bannerghatta National Park Karnataka 1986 104.3

Tiger, sloth bear, peacock, elephant, sambar deer, mouse deer

Betla National Park Jharkhand 1999 1135 Tiger, Indian bison, elephant, hyenas, monkey, leopard North Koyal River
Bhitarkanika National Park Odisha 1988 145 Mangroves, saltwater crocodile, white crocodile, Indian python, black ibis, wild pigs, rhesus monkeys, olive ridley sea turtle, chital Brahmani River, Baitarani River, Dhamra River, Pathsala
Bison (Rajbari) National Park Tripura 2007 31.63
Blackbuck National Park, Velavadar Gujarat 1976 34.08 Blackbuck Lodge, the endangered Indian grey wolf, the nocturnal striped hyena, Indian fox, golden jackal, jungle cat and many small mammals like hare, gerbil, field mice, mongoose and hedgehog.
Buxa Tiger Reserve West Bengal 1992 760
Campbell Bay National Park Andaman and Nicobar Islands 1992 426.23
Chandoli National Park Maharashtra 2004 317.67
Clouded Leopard National Park Tripura 2003 5.08
Dachigam National Park Jammu and Kashmir 1981 141 Only area where Kashmir stag is found[2]
Desert National Park Rajasthan 1980 3162 Great Indian bustard
Dibru-Saikhowa National Park Assam 1999 340 Feral horse Brahmaputra, Lohit River, Dibru
Dehing Patkai National Park Assam 2020 231.65 Dihing river
Dudhwa National Park Uttar Pradesh 1977 490.29 Tiger, Sambar deer, hog deer
Eravikulam National Park Kerala 1978 97 Nilgiri tahr, Strobilanthes kunthiana Pambar River (Kerala)
Galathea National Park Andaman and Nicobar Islands 1992 110
Gangotri National Park Uttarakhand 1989 2390 Gaumukh Glacier Ganga
Gir Forest National Park Gujarat 1975 1412 Asiatic lion Hiran, Shetrunji River, Datardi, Shingoda, Machhundri, Godavari and Raval
Gorumara National Park West Bengal 1994 79.45 The park is rich in large herbivores including Indian rhinoceros, gaur, Asian elephant, sloth bear, chital, and sambar deer Jaldhaka, [Naora]]
Govind Pashu Vihar National Park Uttarakhand 1955 472.08
Great Himalayan National Park Himachal Pradesh 1984 754.40 UNESCO World Heritage Site
Gugamal National Park Maharashtra 1987 361.28
Guindy National Park Tamil Nadu 1976 2.82 Has more than 2000 chitals, 493 blackbucks and 84 jackals.
Gulf of Mannar Marine National Park Tamil Nadu 1980 6.23 has 8 species of whales and 21 small coral islands
Guru Ghasidas National Park Chhattisgarh 1981 1440.71 Largest national park of chhattisgarh
Hemis National Park Ladakh 1981 4400 Largest National park in India
Inderkilla National Park Himachal Pradesh 2010 104
Indira Gandhi Wildlife Sanctuary and National Park Tamil Nadu 1989 957 has 42 tigers ,leopards,elephants,wildboars,deers dholes.
Indravati National Park Chhattisgarh 1981 1258.37 Wild Asian buffalo, tiger reserve, hill mynas
Jaldapara National Park West Bengal 2012 216 Indian rhinoceros
Jim Corbett National Park Uttarakhand 1936 1318.5 First national park in India (established in 1936 as Hailey National Park) Ramganga
Kalesar National Park Haryana 2003 100.88 On the bank of Yamuna river
Kanha National Park Madhya Pradesh 1955 940 well known for Barasingha or swamp deer
Kanger Ghati National Park Chhattisgarh 1982 200
Kasu Brahmananda Reddy National Park Telangana 1994 1.42
Kaziranga National Park Assam 1974 858.98 Highest known tiger density in the world, Indian rhinoceros, UNESCO World Heritage Site
Keibul Lamjao National Park Manipur 1977 40 Only floating park in the world Loktak Lake
Keoladeo National Park Rajasthan 1981 28.73 UNESCO World Heritage Site
Khangchendzonga National Park Sikkim 1977 1784 UNESCO World Heritage Site
Khirganga National Park Himachal Pradesh 2010 710
Kishtwar National Park Jammu and Kashmir 1981 400
Kudremukh National Park Karnataka 1987 600.32
Kuno National Park Madhya Pradesh 2018 748.76 Asiatic Lion Reintroduction Project
Madhav National Park Madhya Pradesh 1959 375.22
Mahatma Gandhi Marine National Park Andaman and Nicobar Islands 1983 281.50
Mahavir Harina Vanasthali National Park Telangana 1994 14.59
Manas National Park Assam 1990 950 UNESCO World Heritage Site
Mandla Plant Fossils National Park Madhya Pradesh 1983 0.27
Marine National Park, Gulf of Kutch Gujarat 1980 162.89
Mathikettan Shola National Park Kerala 2003 12.82 Elephants
Middle Button Island National Park Andaman and Nicobar Islands 1987 0.44
Mollem National Park Goa 1978 107
Mouling National Park Arunachal Pradesh 1986 483
Mount Harriet National Park Andaman and Nicobar Islands 1987 46.62 Important bird area as attributed by BirdLife International
Mrugavani National Park Telangana 1994 3.60
Mudumalai National Park Tamil Nadu 1940 321.55 second oldest National park india. Has 103 tigers. moyar river
Mukundra Hills National Park Rajasthan 2006 200.54
Mukurthi National Park Tamil Nadu 2001 78.46 Nilgiri tahr
Murlen National Park Mizoram 1991 100
Nagarhole National Park Karnataka 1988 643.39 aka Rajiv Gandhi National Park (Nagarhole)
Namdapha National Park Arunachal Pradesh 1974 1985.24 Tiger, easternmost National Park
Nameri National Park Assam 1978 137.07
Nanda Devi National Park Uttarakhand 1982 630.33 UNESCO World Heritage Site, UNESCO World Biosphere Reserve
Navegaon National Park Maharashtra 1975 133.88
Neora Valley National Park West Bengal 1986 88
Nokrek National Park Meghalaya 1986 47.48 UNESCO World Biosphere Reserve
North Button Island National Park Andaman and Nicobar Islands 1979 0.44
Ntangki National Park Nagaland 1993 202.02
Orang National Park Assam 1999 78.81 aka Rajiv Gandhi National Park (Orang)
Pambadum Shola National Park Kerala 2003 1.32 Nilgiri marten, Nilgiri wood pigeon, Nilgiri langur, Nilgiri flycatcher, Blue rock-thrush
Panna National Park Madhya Pradesh 1981 542.67
Papikonda National Park Andhra Pradesh 2008 1012.85 Royal Bengal Tiger, Leopards, rusty-spotted cat, King Cobra

It is an Important Bird and Biodiversity Area and home to some endangered species of flora and fauna.[3]

Godavari river
Pench National Park[4] Madhya Pradesh 1977 758 Rudyard Kipling's 'Jungle Book' was set in this NP.
Periyar National Park Kerala 1982 305 Malabar parakeet, Malabar grey hornbill, Nilgiri laughing thrush, Nilgiri blue robin, great hornbill, Malabar pied hornbill, lion-tailed macaque, hairy-winged bat Periyar river, Pamba river
Phawngpui Blue Mountain National Park Mizoram 1992 50 Chhimtuipui River
Pin Valley National Park Himachal Pradesh 1987 807.36
Rajaji National Park Uttarakhand 1983 820 Mainly known for elephants, tigers, leopards and several species of birds, reptiles and mammals. Penna river
Rajiv Gandhi National Park (Rameswaram) Andhra Pradesh 2005 2.4
Rani Jhansi Marine National Park Andaman and Nicobar Islands 1996 256.14
Ranthambore National Park Rajasthan 1981 392 Tiger Reserve.
Saddle Peak National Park Andaman and Nicobar Islands 1979 32.54
Salim Ali National Park Jammu and Kashmir 1992 9.07
Sanjay National Park[5] Madhya Pradesh 1981 466.7
Sanjay Gandhi National Park Maharashtra 1969 104 , Indian Leopard, Rhesus Macaque, Bonnet Macaque, Spotted Deer, Hanuman Langur, Indian Flying Fox, Indian Hare, Barking Deer, Porcupine, Palm Civet, Mouse Deer
Sariska Tiger Reserve Rajasthan 1955 866
Satpura National Park Madhya Pradesh 1981 524
Silent Valley National Park Kerala 1980 237 Indian bison, Travancore flying squirrel, Salim Ali's fruit bat, Stripe-necked mongoose, Blue-winged parakeet, Crimson-backed sunbird Kunthipuzha River
Simbalbara National Park Himachal Pradesh 2010 27.88
Sirohi National Park Manipur 1982 41.30
Simlipal National Park Odisha 1980 2750 Tiger, leopard, Asian elephant, sambar, barking deer, gaur, jungle cat, wild boar
Singalila National Park West Bengal 1986 78.60
South Button Island National Park Andaman and Nicobar Islands 1987 0.03 Dugong, dolphin, water monitor lizard, blue whale and smallest National park in India
Sri Venkateswara National Park Andhra Pradesh 1989 353
Sultanpur National Park Haryana 1989 1.43
Sundarbans National Park West Bengal 1984 1330.12 UNESCO World Heritage Site
Tadoba National Park Maharashtra 1955 625 Tiger
Valley of Flowers National Park Uttarakhand 1982 87.50 UNESCO World Heritage Site
Valmiki National Park Bihar 1976 898.45
Vansda National Park Gujarat 1979 23.99 Leopard, Dhole, Rhesus Macaque, Common Palm Civet, Hanuman Langur, Small Indian Civet, Four-Horned Antelope, Wild Boar, Indian Porcupine, Barking Deer, Striped Hyena, Jungle Cat, Flying Squirrel, Pangolin and Indian Giant Squirrel.
Van Vihar National Park Madhya Pradesh 1983 4.48

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